Short Introduction To Panchakarma.
Panchakarma literally means five methods of body purification. These methods
are employed in the healthy to prevent diseases and to improve the immunity
as also in the sick to treat a number of diseases. These methods are also
employed as a part of the Rasayana therapy (Rejuvenation) that has gained
tremendous relevance over the years. There are certain preparatory methods
to be done before the actual Panchakarmas are performed. They are called
as Purvakarma in Ayurveda and involve internal administration of medicated
oils/Ghee (Snehan), external application of oils and fomentation (Swedan).
These panchakarmas are
4) Basti And
These procedures are briefly discussed over here.
can be termed as medically induced emesis. After proper external and internal
oleation of the body and fomentation specially prepared decoction are
given to the patient to drink and emesis is induced. The procedure is
to be done with utmost care and only under medical supervision. This procedure
is indicated in the healthy in the Vasant ritu (spring season) to prevent
diseases due to Kapha dosha. Vaman is highly beneficial to treat diseases
of the Respiratory system like Asthma, Bronchitis, sinusitis, Allergic
rhinitis and other diseases like Hyperacidity and various skin diseases
like Psoriasis, Eczemas and Pemphigus.
involves purgation by Ayurvedic method. The preparatory procedures are
same as Vaman. In healthy individuals the procedure is done in Sharad
ritu (autumn season) to prevent the diseases arising due to Pitta dosha.
Virechan is indicated in various diseases of the abdomen and a number
of skin diseases.
means instillation of medicines through the nasal route. The medicines
may be in the form of powders or medicated oils/Ghee. There are various
types of Nasya and they are to be performed according to the need of the
patient. Nasya therapy is primarily used in treating diseases like sinusitis,
rhinitis, hair fall, Epilepsy, facial paralysis and paralysis and various
other psychological and neurological disorders. Nasya is also known for
improving the intellect of an individual.
medicines in the form of decoction (Niruha Basti) or oils/ghee (Anuvasan)
are administered through the anal route. These are called as medicated
enemas. These enemas have a high medicinal value and are used primarily
in treating diseases due to Vata Dosha. Basti is helpful in treating diseases
like Arthritis, Backache, Sciatica, osteoporosis and diseases of bowels
like Irritable bowel syndrome, ulcerative colitis and a number of other
diseases. The type of Basti and the duration of treatment are to be decided
according to the need of the patient. Basti has got a prime place in the
Ayurvedic method of treatment and is referred as the half medicine in
refers to Blood letting by various methods like shira veda, Jaloka- avacharan
(Leech application) etc. The process is basically meant for purification
of the blood and to treat blood related disorders, skin diseases, High
blood pressure and other diseases.
The use of leech in the treatment of many skin diseases is now well known
and accepted all over the world. Leech therapy is used in treating diseases
like Eczema, Vitiligo, non-healing ulcers, varicose veins, pigment disorders,
haematomas etc. Various scientific studies have established the efficacy
of this leech therapy.