Ayurvedic mode of management of Diabetes
thousands of years the ancient physicians of this great nation have been
successfully treating Prameha with the Ayurvedic measures and drugs. Many
drugs have already been screened for the their anti-diabetic property/blood
sugar lowering property. The importance of diet and exercise is also stressed
in Ayurveda. The Ayurvedic diet regimens and the recipes may serve as
a good replacement for the Diabetic patient. Though many of the diabetic
drugs that are used today have a good sugar lowering (Hypoglycemic property
they essentially act at the basic pathology. This helps in controlling
the diabetes and not only the blood sugar. The management modalities can
be categorized as:
Pathya (dietary regulation),
The use of therapeutic measures (Medicines).
herbal drugs used in the management of Prameha are bitter, astringent
and pungent in taste.
herbs that are extensively used in the management of diabetes:
Eugenia jambolana:(Jamun beej churna) Dry seed powder of
Jamun fruits have to be used in a dose of one-teaspoon twice/thrice daily
with lukewarm water.
Gymnema sylvestre: (Gudmar patra churna)
Dry leaves of this plant have to be used one teaspoon daily with lukewarm
water. The leaves when chewed render the mouth tasteless to sweet for
45 min to one hour.
Pterocarpus marsupium (Vijaysar kashtha churna)
Bark of this plant is available in the form of powder. Cubicals or Vijaysaar
glasses are also very popular. The piece of Vijaysaar is kept in water
overnight or water is kept in the glass is consumed early morning on empty
stomach. One should discard these cubicals or glasses once there is no
colour change observed in water.
bengalensis (Nyagrodha twaka churna) This is banyan tree bark.
A decoction of bark is to be prepared and consumed twice daily in a dose
of 40 to 80ml. The decoction is prepared by taking around 25-50gms of
bark to which 4 cups of water are to be added. It is heated to make one
cup, which has to be consumed.
known as Rock salt, various reputed companies have Granular or powdered
form of Shilajeet available. Though not very useful in reducing the blood
sugar it is an excellent remedy to for loss of libido in males and in
case of generalized weakness.
C. Tamal (Tejpatra) This is very commonly
used as a spice in preparing food products. A diabetic patient may make
a point to add the leaves of this plant in his food. Also the powder of
leaves may be consumed.
Fenugreek seeds (Methi churna) Seeds of Methi have to be
soaked in warm water overnight and chewed early in the morning with warm
water. One may take powder of these seeds with warm water twice daily.
Methi powder may be added to the wheat flour to prepare chapattis.
Momordica chirantia Karvellaka (Karella)
Juice of Karela should be taken early in the morning in a quantity of
20 ml. The dried whole fruit powder can also be consumed in the dose
of ½ to 1 teaspoon twice daily.
Embelica officinalis (Amala) When fresh Amla are
available one may take Amla juice 20 ml daily or otherwise powder of Amla
fruits may be taken twice daily.
Curcuma longa (Haridra) Haldi powder
along with Amla juice is a very good combination in patients of Diabetes.
It is especially useful in prevention as well as treatment of patients
of Diabetic eye disease. Haldi can be put in milk as well.
Kirat tikata (Chirayata) A decoction
of this plant is to be taken daily early morning. It is a very popular
remedy used in all parts of the country for various skin disorders and
hence forms a perfect remedy for skin infections in Diabetics .
physician may advice some good Ayurvedic drugs even in patients who do
not respond to the oral hypoglycemic drugs or even insulin. These are
then termed as adjuvant ayurvedic drugs. Not only do these help in lowering
the blood sugar but also prevent the long-term complications of diabetes.
We shall name some of these combinations/preparations:
Chandraprabha vati: In a dose of 500 mg twice or thrice daily. This
is specially used in patients having Diabetes with Urinary tract infection
or in females having leucorrhoea. This can be used along with Gorshuradi
guggul in the same dose.
Trivang Bhasma: This is a combination of three bhasmas namely Naga, Vanga and Yashaha
Bhasma. It is to be taken in a dose of 125mg twice daily available
in the form of powder. It is very useful in conditions where there
is excessive urination, Male sexual problems as well as to treat generalized
Dhatri Nisha: A combination of Haldi powder and Amla Rasa and has to be taken
early morning and is especially useful in Diabetic eye condition.
Vasant kusumakar rasa: A very useful tonic for diabetics especially useful
in the stage of complications it has to be consumed in a dose of 125
mg twice daily. Along with having a general tonic effect it also helps
in Diabetic eye condition and in preventing various conditions developing
due to Nerve weakness.
Many of the well-known pharmaceutical companies have
also come up with good Anti diabetic herbal combinations. These preparations
have been extensively clinically and scientifically studied at various
centers and have proven their efficacy. They are easy to administer and
their dose may be well regulated. These preparations have to be preferably
consumed as per the advice of the physician. The well-known combinations
available today include :
(Himalaya Drugs Co)
Excel (Pankaj Kasturi)
associated conditions with diabetes and its management:
Diabetes is a long lasting and a chronic disease. A patient
of diabetic may suffer from some very distressing symptoms so much so
that he even forgets of his diabetic in agony of this complain. A physician
has to look for the safe management of these symptoms that shall not affect
the diabetic status as well as not have a long-term complication.
We shall discuss some of these complaints and try to
see how they can be managed.
with Arthritis: Yograj
guggul, freshly prepared decoction of Dasamoola, Rasna saptak, a paste
of sunthi or Dasang lepa may be applied on the affected joint.
with constipation: Powders like Gandharva haritaki, Isabgool,
Panchaskar, Hingvastak can be used to relieve constipation.
with burning sensation in the soles and palms: this can be
well managed with Mangista Ghana vati, chandrakala rasa, Chandraprabha
vati, pravaal pisti, Guduchi satva etc
with cough: Diabetic patient suffering of chronic cough may
given powders of Yasti madhu, Kantakari, Vasa, Shati etc. Ayurvedic cough
syrups available in the market are not safe to be taken by a diabetic
with excessive thirst:
Excessive thirst may be managed with the use of cold infusions (heema)
of Dahayanak, usheera, Chandan etc. Praval, Guduchi, may also be used
with excessive urination:
excessive urination can be treated with the use of Trivang bhasma, jasad
weakness and fatigue are the usual symptoms that can be treated
with the use of herbs like shatavari, Ashvagandha, Bala Yastimadhu. Complications
like tapyadi loha, Vasant kusumakar rasa are also very effective
Impotency is a very distressing symptom of a diabetic patient.
By assessing the age of the patient they may be advised Ashwagandha, Kaucha
beeja, musali etc.